Group survival depends largely on the ability to organize activity. An
emergency situation does not bring people together for a common goal initially; rather, the more difficult and confusing the situation, the greater are the group’s problems.
- Group Morale. High morale must come from internal cohesiveness and not merely through external pressure. The moods and attitudes can become wildly contagious.
- Conscious, well-planned organization and leadership on the basis of delegated or shared responsibility often can prevent panic. High group morale has many advantages.
- An individual feels strengthened and protected since he realizes that his survival may depend on others whom he trusts.
- The group can meet failure with greater persistency.
- The group can formulate goals to help each other face the future.
F actors that Influence Group Survival. There are numerous factors that will influence whether a group can successfully survive.
- Organization of people – Organized action is important to keep all members of the group informed; this way the members of the group will know what to do and when to do it, both under ordinary circumstances and in emergencies.
- Selective Use of people – In well-organized groups, the person often does the job that most closely fits his personal qualifications.
- Acceptance of Suggestion and Criticisms – The senior person must accept responsibility for the final decision, but must be able to take suggestion and criticisms from others.
- Consideration of Time – On-the-spot decisions that must be acted upon immediately usually determine survival success.
- Check Equipment – Failure to check equipment can result in failure to survive.
- Survival Knowledge and Skills – Confidence in one’s ability is increased by acquiring survival knowledge and skills.