The 100 Most Expensive Natural Disasters of the 20TH Century

Country Year Day Month Disaster Region Continent Damage.US$
1 Japan 1995 20 1 Earthquake E.Asia Asia 131,500,000,000
2 Soviet Union 1991 27 4 Flood Russia.Fed Europe 60,000,000,000
3 Soviet Union 1988 7 12 Earthquake Russia.Fed Europe 20,500,000,000
4 China, P Rep 1998 6 8 Flood E.Asia Asia 20,000,000,000
5 Italy 1980 23 11 Earthquake Euro.Union Europe 20,000,000,000
6 United States 1992 24 8 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 20,000,000,000
7 United States 1994 17 1 Earthquake N.America Americas 20,000,000,000
8 Indonesia 1997 16 9 Wild fire SE.Asia Asia 17,000,000,000
9 Korea, Dem P Rep 1995 18 8 Flood E.Asia Asia 15,000,000,000
10 China, P Rep 1996 7 Flood E.Asia Asia 12,600,000,000
11 United States 1989 17 10 Earthquake N.America Americas 12,000,000,000
12 United States 1993 19 7 Flood N.America Americas 12,000,000,000
13 Japan 1994 4 10 Earthquake E.Asia Asia 11,700,000,000
14 Russia 1994 8 8 Flood Russia.Fed Europe 11,200,000,000
15 United States 1995 16 5 Storm N.America Americas 10,000,000,000
16 India 1990 10 11 Cycl.Hurr.Typh S.Asia Asia 8,000,000,000
17 Japan 1992 31 1 Storm E.Asia Asia 7,800,000,000
18 China, P Rep 1991 18 5 Flood E.Asia Asia 7,500,000,000
19 China, P Rep 1976 27 7 Earthquake E.Asia Asia 7,000,000,000
20 Iran, Islam Rep 1990 20 6 Earthquake S.Asia Asia 7,000,000,000
21 China, P Rep 1996 8 Flood E.Asia Asia 6,314,500,000
22 Australia 1982 Drought Oceania Oceania 6,000,000,000
23 Italy 1994 5 11 Flood Euro.Union Europe 6,000,000,000
24 China, P Rep 1994 6 Flood E.Asia Asia 5,460,000,000
25 Japan 1991 27 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh E.Asia Asia 5,200,000,000
26 United States 1992 11 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 5,000,000,000
27 NA 1990 25 1 Storm Euro.Union Europe 4,600,000,000
28 Italy 1997 26 9 Earthquake Euro.Union Europe 4,524,900,000
29 Spain 1995 Drought Euro.Union Europe 4,500,000,000
30 China, P Rep 1995 4 7 Flood E.Asia Asia 4,450,000,000
31 Poland 1997 28 6 Flood Rest.Europ Europe 4,300,000,000
32 China, P Rep 1994 10 6 Cycl.Hurr.Typh E.Asia Asia 4,000,000,000
33 Mexico 1985 19 9 Earthquake C.America Americas 4,000,000,000
34 Spain 1983 25 8 Flood Euro.Union Europe 3,900,000,000
35 United States 1998 16 7 Heat.wave N.America Americas 3,700,000,000
36 NA 1989 17 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh Caribbean Americas 3,579,000,000
37 United States 1996 5 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 3,400,000,000
38 NA 1990 25 2 Storm Euro.Union Europe 3,200,000,000
39 India 1998 9 6 Cycl.Hurr.Typh S.Asia Asia 3,010,000,000
40 Algeria 1980 10 10 Earthquake N.Africa Africa 3,000,000,000
41 China, P Rep 1997 8 1 Cold.wave E.Asia Asia 3,000,000,000
42 United States 1995 6 10 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 3,000,000,000
43 Ecuador 1998 2 Flood S.America Americas 2,869,300,000
44 United States 1977 Cold.wave N.America Americas 2,800,000,000
45 China, P Rep 1989 14 7 Flood E.Asia Asia 2,789,000,000
46 Yugoslavia 1979 15 4 Earthquake Rest.Europ Europe 2,700,000,000
47 China, P Rep 1997 19 8 Cycl.Hurr.Typh E.Asia Asia 2,675,000,000
48 Argentina 1998 Flood S.America Americas 2,500,000,000
49 Zimbabwe 1982 Drought E.Africa Africa 2,500,000,000
50 China, P Rep 1993 7 Flood E.Asia Asia 2,450,000,000
51 Brazil 1978 Drought S.America Americas 2,300,000,000
52 United States 1979 12 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 2,300,000,000
53 India 1990 25 8 Storm S.Asia Asia 2,200,000,000
54 Dominican Rep 1998 15 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh Caribbean Americas 2,193,400,000
55 Bangladesh 1988 8 Flood S.Asia Asia 2,137,000,000
56 United States 1972 18 6 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 2,100,000,000
57 Bangladesh 1998 8 7 Flood S.Asia Asia 2,000,000,000
58 Canada 1992 6 Cold.wave N.America Americas 2,000,000,000
59 Honduras 1998 26 10 Cycl.Hurr.Typh C.America Americas 2,000,000,000
60 Italy 1966 4 11 Flood Euro.Union Europe 2,000,000,000
61 Soviet Union 1991 5 Flood Russia.Fed Europe 2,000,000,000
62 United States 1995 9 3 Storm N.America Americas 2,000,000,000
63 United States 1997 11 1 Flood N.America Americas 2,000,000,000
64 China, P Rep 1994 29 8 Flood E.Asia Asia 1,810,000,000
65 NA 1993 10 3 Storm NA Americas 1,800,000,000
66 United States 1983 17 12 Storm N.America Americas 1,800,000,000
67 Bangladesh 1991 30 4 Cycl.Hurr.Typh S.Asia Asia 1,780,000,000
68 Netherlands 1995 20 1 Flood Euro.Union Europe 1,760,000,000
69 United States 1994 9 1 Cold.wave N.America Americas 1,755,000,000
70 United States 1986 1 7 Heat.wave N.America Americas 1,750,000,000
71 Mongolia 1996 23 2 Wild fire E.Asia Asia 1,712,800,000
72 France 1987 15 10 Storm Euro.Union Europe 1,700,000,000
73 Georgia 1991 29 4 Earthquake Russia.Fed Asia 1,700,000,000
74 Japan 1990 21 6 Flood E.Asia Asia 1,700,000,000
75 Korea, Dem P Rep 1996 15 7 Flood E.Asia Asia 1,700,000,000
76 United Kingdom 1987 15 10 Storm Euro.Union Europe 1,700,000,000
77 Mexico 1993 19 6 Storm C.America Americas 1,670,000,000
78 United States 1983 17 8 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 1,650,000,000
79 China, P Rep 1980 7 Flood E.Asia Asia 1,600,000,000
80 Iran, Islam Rep 1986 31 12 Flood S.Asia Asia 1,560,000,000
81 India 1996 6 11 Cycl.Hurr.Typh S.Asia Asia 1,500,300,000
82 Chile 1985 3 3 Earthquake S.America Americas 1,500,000,000
83 China, P Rep 1986 8 Flood E.Asia Asia 1,500,000,000
84 China, P Rep 1996 10 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh E.Asia Asia 1,500,000,000
85 El Salvador 1986 10 10 Earthquake C.America Americas 1,500,000,000
86 Spain 1981 Drought Euro.Union Europe 1,500,000,000
87 United States 1985 27 10 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 1,500,000,000
88 United States 1991 20 10 Wild fire N.America Americas 1,500,000,000
89 United States 1996 30 12 Storm N.America Americas 1,500,000,000
90 United States 1997 4 1 Flood N.America Americas 1,500,000,000
91 Virgin Is (US) 1995 15 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh Caribbean Americas 1,500,000,000
92 United States 1965 7 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 1,420,000,000
93 United States 1969 17 8 Cycl.Hurr.Typh N.America Americas 1,420,000,000
94 China, P Rep 1931 7 Flood E.Asia Asia 1,400,000,000
95 Mexico 1988 14 9 Cycl.Hurr.Typh C.America Americas 1,350,000,000
96 United States 1995 8 1 Flood N.America Americas 1,340,000,000
97 France 1985 1 Storm Euro.Union Europe 1,320,000,000
98 Argentina 1985 10 Flood S.America Americas 1,300,000,000
99 Germany, Fed Rep 1976 2 1 Storm Euro.Union Europe 1,300,000,000
100 India 1990 6 5 Storm S.Asia Asia 1,300,000,000

 

Source: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – http://www.md.ucl.ac.be/cred

 

 

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